AN OVERVIEW ON MICROORGANISMS DERIVED BIO-MATERIALS

Published in Scientific Bulletin. Series F. Biotechnologies, Vol. XXII
Written by Ovidiu IORDACHE, Iuliana DUMITRESCU, Elena PERDUM, Elena-Cornelia MITRAN, Ana-Maria Andreea CHIVU

Petrochemical-based packaging materials represent a billion dollar industry that makes possible modern innovations in sustainable packaging design, but with severe footprint on the environment. Currently, polystyrene products take over 30% of worldwide landfill space which represents a real issue as sustainable disposal methods must be pursued, given the fact that polystyrene products are incredibly hard to recycle and biodegrade (approximately 500 years for styrofoam to organically degrade). The paper presents main biotechnological advances regarding mycelium based biomaterials used as sources of renewable protective packaging materials, structural bio-composites, thermal insulation materials, packaging materials, decorative objects etc. Biotechnological processes successfully explore the great potential of Basidiomycetes strains (E.g.: Pleurotus djamor, Pleurotus eryngii, Pleurotus ostreatus,Grifola frondosa, Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma oregonense, Lentinula edodes, Agrocybe aegerita, Coprinus comatus etc.) in obtaining mycelium-based novel bio-materials.

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IORDACHE O., DUMITRESCU I., PERDUM E., MITRAN E.C., CHIVU A.M.A. 2018, AN OVERVIEW ON MICROORGANISMS DERIVED BIO-MATERIALS. Scientific Bulletin. Series F. Biotechnologies, Vol. XXII, ISSN 2285-1364, 194-199.


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