CHLAMYDIA PSITTACI IN THE PARROTS, PIGEONS AND CANARIES IN THE CITY OF TIRANA

Published in Scientific Bulletin. Series F. Biotechnologies, Vol. XVII
Written by Gëzime SHEHU, Kristaq BERXHOLI, Zaçe MALAJ,Luljeta QAFMOLLA, Ymer ELEZI

The growth of decorative birds in Albania in the recent years has brought an increased frequency of chlamydial infection not only in the flocks of birds but, also to humans. According to the data from the Public Health Institute (PHI) in Tirana, is it has been observed an increase in the vulnerability of people, mainly in to those who are in the young age who have been in contact with decorative birds. This study, the first of its kind conducted in Albania, was based on a serological control of 573 blood samples which were taken from pigeons, parrots and canaries in Tirana, Albania. Sampling was carried out in all four seasons of the year 2011 and their control was carried out by the Institute of Veterinary Food Safety (FSV) Tirana. In order to check them it was used an indirect immunofluorescence test (IFT), combined with chlamydia’s isolation in chicken egg embryo cells, as a comparative method, in which there were identified at least 51 cases with Ch. psittaci. Relative specificity of fluorescent antibody’s test in the serum was approximately 95.3% and the relative sensitivity was about 60.3%. Results of this study, which as mentioned above were conducted for the first time in Albania, showed that immunofluorescence tests performed using diagnostic kits of Medical servicce-2000, combined with primary isolation of chlamydia in embryo of chicken eggs,were very specific and very useful for the identification of useful option for veterinary service.

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