BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL TOOLS DEVELOPMENT – A REVIEW

Published in Scientific Bulletin. Series F. Biotechnologies, Vol. XVII
Written by Elisabeta Elena TANASE, Maria RÂPA, Ovidiu POPA

Biopolymers are the preferred materials for biological and life science applications because of their high adaptability and compatibility with biological molecules and cells. Polymer-based biomaterials are widely used for medical applications due to the multiple physical and chemical properties of these materials. Biopolymers can be easily fabricated in various complex shapes and structures and additionally surface properties can be easily tuned. The concept of biodegradable plastics is of considerable interest with respect to solid waste accumulation and environment sustainability issues. Greater efforts have been made in developing degradable biological materials without any environmental pollution to replace oil-based traditional plastics. Among numerous kinds of degradable polymers, polylactic acid sometimes called polylactide, an aliphatic polyester and biocompatible thermoplastic, is currently a most promising and popular material with the brightest development prospect and was considered as the ‘green’ eco friendly material.


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© 2012 Scientific Bulletin Series F.“Biotechnologies“. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: Scientific Bulletin Series F.“Biotechnologies“.
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