ISSN 2285-1364, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5521, ISSN ONLINE 2285-1372, ISSN-L 2285-1364


Published in Scientific Bulletin. Series F. Biotechnologies, Vol. XXI
Written by Giovanni BEZZE, Davide VITALI, Damiano PAGNINI, Maurizio VALERI, George COJOCARU, Ricuţa-Vasilica DOBRINOIU, Silvana DĂNĂILĂ-GUIDEA

Giant bamboo, acknowledged as a specific culture of China than Europe, was introduced in Romania by the Italian Consortium of Bamboo, Only Moso International, in order to popularize this plant among farmers in the EU. Cultivated at this time only for decorative purposes, bamboo is a real industry in Asia, where it is recovered almost entirely: trunk, root, rhizome, the leaves and buds are really hunted for Asian restaurants. Year 2014 represented the debut year in the cultivation of bamboo in Europe, with the first plantation in Italy, where currently there are 1.400 hectares planted. Phyllostachy pubescens specie is a giant perennial graminaceae, ages 80-100 years and height of stems from 14 to 25 meters, with a diameter of 8 to 15 cm. It can adapt easily in temperate climates, provided precisely to achieve specific technological link, this plant can resist in areas where winter minimum temperatures do not fall below -25°C. In Romania, giant bamboo get interest already for many farmers, especially those of researchers within the UASVM Bucharest, where he founded an experimental plantation in order to test the adaptability of species to the specific soilclimatic conditions. As a result of the observations and determinations made on giant bamboo plants in various stages of vegetation, we can say with certainty that that specie has adapted surprisingly well to conditions specific to Romania, successfully resisting the extreme lows that have exceeded the values of -23°C, recorded during winter 2016. In these conditions, the cultivation of giant bamboo may represent a new opportunity for Romanian agriculture and at the same time a new paradigm for business.

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