ISSN 2285-1364, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5521, ISSN ONLINE 2285-1372, ISSN-L 2285-1364


Published in Scientific Bulletin. Series F. Biotechnologies, Vol. XXVI, Issue 2
Written by Asawir Esamaldeen Ebrahim MOHAMED, Oana-Alina BOIU-SICUIA, Călina Petruța CORNEA

Certain Fusarium species and strains are potential producers of three most important classes of mycotoxins: fumonisins (FB1, FB2, FB3); zearalenone (ZEA) and trichothecenes, such as deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV), or HT-2 toxin and T-2 toxin. The ingestion consequences of these fungal compounds can lead to a range from acute to chronic diseases with high morbidity. The use of contaminated feed can have serious effects not only on health, but also on the productive potential of livestock and poultry, with high risk of further mycotoxins spreading in the food chain to the final consumer. Therefore, this paper aimed to present information on the main mycotoxins produced by different species of Fusarium contaminants, focusing on the toxicological effects on farm animals. The effects of each mycotoxin type on ruminants, horses, pigs, and poultry are described.

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© 2019 Scientific Bulletin Series F.“Biotechnologies“. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: Scientific Bulletin Series F.“Biotechnologies“.

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